global gender roles in small scale mining

Gender Issues in the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Sector

May 26, 2020 · Women are estimated to represent 30–50% of the global ASM workforce but are often overlooked by donors and governments. In Ghana, women account for as much as 90% of the gold mining labor force, and women represent the majority of gemstone miners in Tanzania (Yakovleva, 2007; Craig & Antonocci, 2014). While there is significant variation across countries, women tend to earn only one quarter of what men earn in the ASM sector (Eshun, 2016; Lahiri-Dutt, 2018).

Women in Artisanal and Small Scale Mining in Africa

Women's direct participation in artisanal and small scale mining (ASM) varies throughout the world. This chapter intends to explore these issues within Africa. It provides the evolving gender roles of women in African ASM communities, the impacts of ASM on women miners and factors exacerbating and mitigating inequities in power, the distribution of wealth, and susceptibility to poverty.

PDF) A Political Ecology of Women, Water, and Global

We give voice to the social–ecological contradictions lived by women in these multiple roles and offer potential insights both for addressing gender-based inequities in mining and for avenues ...

Women and Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM

As of 2013, an estimated 20 to 30 million people engaged in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) globally; in many countries, women make up between 10 to 50 percent of small-scale miners. (Eftimie et al., 2012, Hinton et al 2003.) But while women tend to have higher participation rates in ASM than in large-scale mining operations, wom- en are also more likely to be involved in the mining of lower value industrial minerals that require more intensive extractive processes and greater safety ...

Digging to Survive: Women's Livelihoods in South Asia's

The global trend of the informalisation of women's work is also evident in what is commonly known as artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) practices. Small mines and quarries are extremely diverse in nature, but comprise a repository of extremely poor people. This article focuses on the gender and livelihood issues and concerns in small mines and quarries of South Asia.

Gender assessment of the extractive industry in Malawi

Dec 03, 2015 · DEFINITIONS OF GENDER TERMS Gender The social roles that men and women play, because of the way their society is organized. Gender roles are learned may and evolve over time. Thus gender is different from sex, which is the physiological and biological characteristics that determine whether a person is or male.

PDF) Gender Roles in Crop Production and Management

Small-scale farmers are the largest group of the poor people in Ethiopia. The average land holding is less than 1 ha. Rainfed crop production is the basis of small-scale subsistence farming in most parts of the country which accounts for more than 95% of the land area cultivated annually.

Gender, Social Equity and Innovations in Smallholder Farming

Gender 1 is a determining factor in defining who does which activity, who owns a good or resource, who decides, and who has power (UNICEF 2011). Gender aspects relate directly to men’s and women’s roles and responsibilities in the farming household and to decisions about allocating resources or adopting technologies in farming systems.

Gender equity | ARM

Artisanal mining, small-scale mining and gender equity have a lot to do with responsible mining. Here you can find what we do to include a gender approach at the Alliance for Responsible Mining. Women in artisanal and small-scale mining are mainly used to do informal or supporting activities.

The barriers women face in agriculture

Closing the global gender gap in agriculture would grow food production and build sustainable futures for women. A woman carries vegetables from a Shiping County market in China’s Yunnan ...

The 'paradox' of working in the world's most equal countries

Aug 31, 2019 · For Anneli Häyren, at the Centre for Gender Research in Uppsala, a key goal is simply to ensure that public discussions about gender equality continue, both in Nordic nations and on a global scale.

CiteSeerX — Gender in ASM Livelihood Issues and Concerns

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The global trend of informalisation of women’s work is also evident in what is commonly known as artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) practices. Women constitute a large segment of workers in the informal mines and quarries all over the world, working as cutters, diggers, sievers, panners, crushers, processors and ...

Gender Dimensions of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: A Rapid

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a global reality. It represents a longstanding and important livelihood for more than 100 million men and women an association of miners seeking to formalize its activities. The toolkit is comprised of six components: introduction to gender and ASM; the gender...

PDF Paper on small scale mining and gender in PNG

Small scale mining is an economic activity that significantly contributes to the rural economy of Forest destruction and emissions of dust are also contributing factors to global warming when Role of women in small scale mining. In addition to their household chores women are involved in...

Gender and mining governance 2020 - Learning for Nature

Gender Impact Assessment of artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania. Women's engagement scheme in Lao People's Democratic Republic. Maria J. Ezpeleta is the Senior Gender Advisor for Oxfam's Extractive Industries Global Program. In this role she advances gender justice and women's...

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining | World Gold Council

Artisanal and small-scale mining bring benefits of gold mining with lower costs. Learn how small-scale mining supports communities but is at risk. Any such role for LSM companies will vary according to the local context. However, as part of their role in supporting dialogue and engagement...


Artisanal small-scale mining and mercury pollution in Ghana: a critical examination of a messy minerals and gold mining policy. Journal of Environmental Studies and …

Remember the women of Osiri”: women and gender in artisanal

While “women” and “gender” are seen as increasingly important to policy frameworks for developing mineral resources on the African continent, understandings of women’s roles in artisanal and small-scale mining, and of the importance of gender in structuring those livelihoods, remain limited. Drawing on field research conducted from…

Women and the environment: a preliminary analysis of gaps and

The gender‐and‐environment nexus: identified issues in LAC .....6 Right to land and women´s role in agriculture Women in small scale mining Women in fisheries Women´s role defending environmental rights Disaster risk and climate change impacts

Women in mining in Africa - Gender Assessments and

IMPACT is developing Gender Assessment tools to provide step-by-step guidance on integrating gender and human rights into mineral policies and projects, including those that support the formalization of the artisanal and small-scale (ASM) mining sector.

PPT - Gender: South American Small Scale Mining and other

Roles of women in mining? • Mining workers, administration • Care, commerce • Cookers, prostitutes other "services" • Mothers, sisters, daughters, wives Within the Artisanal and Small Scale Mining, there are empirical indications that participation is inversely proportional to operations size.

Gender Equality | United Nations

Gender-inclusive language. Given the key role that language plays in shaping cultural and social attitudes, using gender-inclusive language is a powerful way to promote gender equality and ...

Women and Artisanal Mining: Gender Roles and the Road

Generally, women's direct participation in artisanal mining increases with the degree of mechanization of the operation and varies inversely with scale; thus, they are most prevalent in small...

Small-scale mining on the increase in developing countries

Work in small-scale mines tends to be low-paid, seasonal and highly precarious, but provides direct employment, though often at a subsistence level, for up In spite of the difficulties, the economic and social impact of small-scale mining is far from small, particularly in high-value product areas such as...

Gender norms perspectives: women labour and artisanal small

Corpus ID: 54863684. Gender norms perspectives: women labour and artisanal small-scale gold mining in Wa East district of Ghana @inproceedings{Yahaya2017GenderNP, title={Gender norms perspectives: women labour and artisanal small-scale gold mining in Wa East district of Ghana}, author={A. Yahaya}, year={2017} }

Gender Assessment of Small-Scale Mining in Mongolia

Minerals from Small-Scale Mines does not contain specifications regarding women working in ASM. Estimates of the share of women versus men in ASM range from 19.4 to 45-50 percent women, with women being most prominently present in placer gold mining. Gender disparities in physical strength

Country Gender Profile: Papua New Guinea

Situation of Women/Gender in Disaster Management and Environment 1) The governmental capacity to manage natural disasters is limited and gender consideration in emergency management and reconstruction is virtually non-existent. When a small scale disaster takes place, the


Artisanal small-scale mining and mercury pollution in Ghana: a critical examination of a messy minerals and gold mining policy. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 3(4), 381-390. Banchirigah, S. M. (2006).

Gender Dimensions of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

rtisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a global reality. It represents a long- standing and important livelihood  for more than 100 million men and women around the wold. In some places, communities have prac- ticed it for generations; in other places, the pros- pect of new mineral finds draws large numbers of people suddenly to mining areas.

Gender Roles in Society - Opinion Front

Gender Roles in Society: A Global Perspective The role of a man and a woman in society is influenced by a variety of factors. These factors vary with the region, religion, culture, climate, historical beliefs, living principles, and experiences, across the globe. Therefore, gender role in society can be defined as the role portrayed by an ...

Gender Survey Questions For A Questionnaires | QuestionPro

Gender survey questions is a questionnaire that is asked to a respondent to understand, what is the gender of the respondent. Through analysis of the survey responses and considering gender as a parameter, it will enable a researcher to evaluate how gender plays a role on the choices that the respondent makes and help him to deduce a pattern.

Gender Issues in the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Sector

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a significant source of income for tens of millions of people in developing countries. ASM refers to small groups and individuals engaged in low-cost and laborintensive excavation of minerals using minimal mechanization. ASM techniques are used in the...

Gender Gap: Beyond Increasing Women Inclusion Rates | Egypt

Mar 17, 2021 · Despite the global move towards gender diversity in the extractive industries including oil, gas and mining, women are still under-represented. According to data analyzed by International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), women only account for 22% of oil and gas industry employment, despite the increase of the number of women graduated from engineering and technical faculties.


Gender discrimination and gender based violence in the workplace are endemic. Only a small proportion of cases are reported and an even smaller At the other end of the scale, Canada and Denmark, both with reputations for gender equality in political and social life, do not extend this into...

Industry 4.0 in Developing Countries: The Mine of the Future

2. Women in Mining The large-scale mining sector has traditionally been male-dominated, with some of the worst global gender parity indicators. The share of workers in mining, comprising just 5-10% of the global workforce, is one of the lowest amongst all economic sectors (Ledwaba, 2017;

Leave a Comment