nickel ore reduction process

PDF) Mathematical Modeling of Nickel Ores Pre-Reduction

With the help of laboratory simulations of nickel ores pre-reduction in laboratory rotary-kiln Linder, we have achieved satisfying results of the degree growth of pre-reduction 40% higher in the case of our experiments compared to those industrial (Experimental Research on pre-reduction of Nickel silicate ore in New Ferronickel Factory in ...

Nickel production Harjavalta | Production process

The nickel raw solution coming from the leaching plant is cleaned from impurities, such as cobalt, at the reduction plant’s extraction and sulphide precipitation departments. The nickel raw solution coming from the leaching plant to cobalt extraction is cooled and washed with kerosene to prevent foreign organic substances from entering the ...

PDF Ferronickel Production and Operation

grade ferronickel or nickel pig iron (NP!) in stainless steel production is a relatively new trend to reduce the cost of high grade ferronickel. In this study, low grade lateritic nickel ores were processed by using carbothermal reduction to produce NP/. The used ore was from Turkey East Anatolian region.

Mechanism of sodium sulfate in promoting selective

A high nickel grade ferronickel was produced from laterite ore using the selective reduction-wet magnetic separation process, with the addition of sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4).

Selective Reduction of High Alumina-Lateritic Nickel Ore

The analysis of reduced nickel ore is performed by the Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, and Secondary Electron Microscopy. The optimal process resulted from the reduction of nickel ore with 10 wt. % anthracite at the temperature of 1050°C for 120 minutes which resulted in 0.84% nickel in concentrate.

Carrying nickel ore: The world's most dangerous cargo

Nickel ore is a cargo that may liquefy if the Moisture Content (MC) exceeds the Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). The point at which the cargo can begin to act like a liquid is when the Flow Moisture Point (FMP) is reached: a theoretical figure set at 90% of the FMP to create a 10% safety margin.

PDF) Reduction process of low-grade nickel laterite

Ferro-nickel granules were produced from nickel laterite ore/coal composite briquettes by high-temperature direct reduction. The effects of roasting temperature, roasting time, C/O (carbon/oxygen ...

Understanding Half-reactions

Two half-reactions, one oxidation and one reduction, are necessary to completely describe a redox reaction. An equation is worth 6.022 x 10 23 words. When a nickel strip {Ni (s)} is placed in an aqueous solution of copper(II) sulfate {Cu 2+, SO 4 2-}, an immediate reaction occurs. Copper metal begins to deposit on the strip.

Brazilian nickel mine reduces ore dilution by 2.2% through

Optimizing their material blending process helped the mine drive several substantial improvements, including: 2.2% reduction in ore dilution; 1.1% reduction in nickel ore loss, representing a potential $5.7M in additional revenue per year; 2.2% average increase in truck tons per hour; 6% average increase in truck utilization


grade ferronickel or nickel pig iron (NP!) in stainless steel production is a relatively new trend to reduce the cost of high grade ferronickel. In this study, low grade lateritic nickel ores were processed by using carbothermal reduction to produce NP/. The used ore was from Turkey East Anatolian region.

Processing of Nickel Laterite Ores on the Rise

SX-EW, or the Solvent Extraction – Electrowinning approach to lateritic ore beneficiation, is a hydrometallurgical method that relies on leaching, extractants, and electrowinning to produce nickel from ore. This process is often referred to as Leach Solvent Extraction – Electrowinning for its employment of a …

Nickel Processes.ppt | Nickel | Smelting

Smelting Process Smelting process are governed by two basic chemical facts:-Separation of Nickel from Oxide gangue components such as silica and magnesia is readily achieved by smelting, due to large differences in the free energies of formation.-Only partial separation of nickel from iron is possible by selective reduction of oxides.

direct reduction of nickel ores in rotary kiln

rotary kiln direct reduction nickel nickel and iron ore processing kiln smelter , The rotary kilnelectric furnace process is the one of the most widely adopted technological process for ferronickel smelting production A schematic of the RKEF process with rotary dryer, rotary kiln and electric furnace is shown in Fig 1As depicted, the ...


The addition of 10% sodium sulfate additives by weight in the reduction process of laterite nickel ore produced higher concentrations of nickel as 6.09%, compared to no additives, i.e. 2.45%. The addition of reductors in the selective reduction process of laterite nickel ore shows that the higher the amount of reductors causes a decrease in the ...

Production of ferronickel from nickel laterites in a DC arc

Because fine ore particles are readily treated in a DC-arc furnace, units such as fluidized beds (which require materials of small particle size) can be used for the pre-treatment stage of the process. A process has been developed whereby nickel laterites of a wide compositional range can be smelted in a DC-arc furnace, to produce ferronickel.

Nickel / cobalt mining extraction procedures | Industrial

Sep 06, 2019 · The PAL metallurgical process involves preheating the ore and leaching with concentrated sulfuric acid at high temperatures and pressures. The chemical species of nickel and cobalt by hydrometallurgical chemical process are soluble sulfate salts, which are recovered from dissolution in a countercurrent decanting circuit (CCD).

Optimal conditions for selective reduction process of nickel

A low-grade nickel laterite ore from Indonesia was selected to investigate the effect of temperature and time of reduction upon the extraction of nickel through the selective reduction-magnetic separation process to produce the ferronickel. The nickel ore was mixed with5 wt.% of anthracite coal and 10 wt.% of sodium sulfate additive.

PDF) Thermodynamic analysis of the reduction process of

It is very important to take into account that for treating nickel ore in pieces, the iron reduction was 46%, indicating that the fine material has a higher surface species present in a laterite ...

How Sherritt Refines Nickel

Oct 01, 2010 · process. Cobalt Recovery. The solution from the high and low cobalt leaches are transferred to the nickel-cobalt separation plant. Here cobalt is removed and is sent to the cobalt reduction plant. Cobalt powder is recovered, using high pressure hydrogen reduction in an autoclave, much like the process described later for nickel.

PDF Production of FeNi from high iron nickel ores

the smelting furnace where all the reduction of iron and nickel oxides took place. The furnace operation was fairly smooth, but slag boil did occur mainly due to incomplete calcination of the ore in the rotary kiln'. As time went by and the process was adopted in more plants, more experience with different ores and reductants was obtained both

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