### Effect of Sand Fines and Water/Cement Ratio on Concrete

concrete consisting sand with fines content of 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12% with three constant water/cement ratios of 0.55, 0.60 and 0.70 were prepared for the study. The amounts of coarse aggregate used were kept constant for all batches. The concrete were mixed using 1m3 drum concrete mixer. Workability test: Slump measurement was taken

### Methods of Proportioning Cement, Sand and Aggregates in

Proportioning of concrete is the process of selecting quantity of cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water in concrete to obtain desired strength and quality. The proportions of coarse aggregate, cement and water should be such that the resulting concrete has the following properties: When concrete is fresh, it should have enough workability so that it can […]

### How to Calculate Cement, Sand and Coarse Aggregate

Density of Cement = 1440 kg/ m 3 = 0.3636 X 1440 = 523 kg = 10.5 Approx. Bags . Sand Quantity = ( Sand Part / Concrete Parts ) * Concrete Volume = (1.5/5.5) * 2 = 0.5454 m 3. Coarse Aggregate = (Coarse Aggregate Part / Concrete Parts ) * Concrete Volume = (3/5.5) * 2 = 1.09 m 3

### How to Calculate Cement, Sand and Aggregate required for 1

Cement = 1440 kg/cum ; Fine Aggregate = 1600 kg/cum ; Coarse Aggregate = 1450 kg/cum ; Water = 1000 kg/cum. The dry loose density varies for. Considering a concrete mix proportion (by volume) of 1:2:4. i.e., Cement: Fine aggregate (Sand) : Coarse Aggregate is in the ratio of 1:2:4 by volume. Cement required = 01 bag = 50 kg ~ 36 liters or 0.036 cum

### Exp 6 Relative Density & Water Absorption - Civil Engineers PK

Standard test method for the determination of relative density (i.e. specific gravity) and water absorption of the coarse aggregates. (ASTM C-127-04) Scope & Significance: In this test method we determine the relative density (i.e. specific gravity) and the water absorption of the coarse aggregates.

### Concrete Mix Design | Different Grades of Concrete

May 17, 2017 · The following formula is used to find the quantity of coarse aggregate in 1m 3 of concrete. Volume of Aggregate = Aggregate ⁄ Cement+Sand+Aggregate x 1.57. Density of aggregate may go higher if void spaces decreases. 5mm aggregate has more density when compared with 20mm size of aggregate

### density of sand dlbd - help4helpngo.com

20171019 · For sand bulk density is 14501650 kg/m^3 and the bulk density of aggregate depends upon their packing, the particles shape and size, the grading and the moisture coarse aggregate a higher bulk density is an indiion of fewer voids to be filled by sand and cement.

### How to Calculate Quantities Cement, Sand, Aggregate and

Quantity of aggregates in kg = 0.88×1500 =1320 kg (Density of aggregates =1450 -1550) Quantity of aggregates in ft 3 =0.88 x 35.3147 = 31.076 ft 3. 4. Water Quantity. Quantity of water in liter depends upon the water-cement ration and quantity of cement. In the …

### CHAPTER 3 - PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATE

density lower than normal density aggregates (natural sand, gravel, and crushed stone), sometimes and is referred to as low density aggregate. Structural lightweight aggregate-Structural aggregate meeting the requirements of ASTM C 330 with bulk density less than 70 lb/ft³ (1120 kg/m³) for fine aggregate and

### Standard Test Method for Determining the Relative Density

4.1 Bulk relative density (specific gravity) is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the volume occupied by the aggregate in various mixtures containing aggregate including Portland cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and other mixtures that are proportioned or analyzed on an absolute volume basis. Bulk relative density (specific gravity) is used in the computation of voids ...

### Replacement of Fine Aggregate by M-Sand

Coarse aggregate can be defined as inert granular materials such as gravel, crushed stone and sand. Coarse aggregate is one of the essential ingredients apart of water and cement in concrete production. It consists about 60 to 75 percent of total concrete production Coarse aggregate comes from particles greater than 4.75mm but commonly in a range between 9.5mm to 37.5mm. Fine Aggregate Locally available river sand …

### Calculate Cement Sand & Aggregate - M20, M15, M10, M5 Ratio

Calculate cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water to prepare M5, M7.5, M10, M15 and M20 ratio grade concrete in volume and weight.

### density of cement sand aggregate - BINQ Mining

cement= 1/(1+1+2)=.25 density of cement =1440kg/m3 cement required for this mix=1440*.25=360kg=6bags+10kg sand=1/4=.25m3 course aggregate==. » More detailed What is the density of Cement , Fly ash,20 mm aggregate , 10 mm …

### Methods of Proportioning Cement, Sand and Aggregates in Concrete

Proportioning of concrete is the process of selecting quantity of cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water in concrete to obtain desired strength and quality. The proportions of coarse aggregate, cement and water should be such that the resulting concrete has the following properties: When concrete is fresh, it should have enough workability so that it can […]

### Aggregates - Portland Cement Association

Aggregates are inert granular materials such as sand, gravel, or crushed stone that, along with water and portland cement, are an essential ingredient in concrete. For a good concrete mix, aggregates need to be clean, hard, strong particles free of absorbed chemicals or coatings of clay and other fine materials that could cause the ...

### Fine Aggregates: Types, Properties & Uses in construction

The shape of the aggregate plays a more important role in the coarse aggregate than in the fine aggregate. 4.Specific Gravity: The specific gravity of aggregates is the ratio of the density of water to its density. It is used for concrete mix design and if not specified the specific gravity is taken as 2.7 because the specific gravity of most ...

### Calculate Sand & Gravel per 50kg Cement Bag in Volume

The ratio of fine aggregate to coarse aggregate to be used in concrete is 1:2, which means that for every 1 part of sand we have to take 2 part of gravel. Hence we have to divide the Total Aggregate into 3 parts and take 1 part as sand and 2 parts as coarse aggregate. Lets calculate weight of sand and gravel needed for M15 Grade concrete.

### Functions Of Fine and Coarse Aggregate in Concrete - Civil

6. It fills the voids existing in the coarse aggregate. Thus, it helps in increasing the density of concrete. 7. It assists in hardening of cement by allowing the penetration of water through its voids. Functions Of Coarse Aggregate in Concrete. Coarse aggregate is used in concrete to achieve the following functions:

### How to Calculate Cement, Sand and Coarse Aggregate Quantity

Density of Cement = 1440 kg/ m 3 = 0.3636 X 1440 = 523 kg = 10.5 Approx. Bags . Sand Quantity = ( Sand Part / Concrete Parts ) * Concrete Volume = (1.5/5.5) * 2 = 0.5454 m 3. Coarse Aggregate = (Coarse Aggregate Part / Concrete Parts ) * Concrete Volume = (3/5.5) * 2 = 1.09 m 3

### Problem 2: A C20 Class Concrete Will Be Designed W

Problem 2: A C20 class concrete will be designed with CEM I 32,5N type cement, sand, coarse aggregates 1 and 2. If the target strength should be 6 MPa above the design strength, calculate the mass of the Coarse Aggregate 1 for 1 mº concrete: Density of cement: 3,1 gr/cm Density of sand: 2,60 gr/cm3 Denisty of coarse aggregate 1: 2,65 gr/cm3 Density of coarse aggregate 2: 2,72 gr/cm3 Water=30 ...

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